Design and Development of High Energy Ethanol Fuel Cell from an Aggressive Invader Prosopis Juliflora to Mitigate the Challenges of Global Warming and Green House Gases
Introduction: With increasing populations and betterment of human society, the energy demands are exponentially increasing. Additionally, lowering the natural fossil fuel storage and produce pollutant by burning of it is intended to developed new energy developing strategies, which should be safety for the environment. Moreover, the scarcity of ground water by unplanned invasive plants are also bring to the brim of survival challenge of civil society. Therefore, development of renewable green energy generator that can maintain the bio-diversity, lowering pollutions and creates good impact of welfare to the society, is becoming a bench-top research topics in scientific communities to supply energy for light or heavy technological devices. Now-a-days, ethanol based proton exchange energy storage device for its high specific energy density (8.0 kWh/kg for ethanol and 6.1 kWh/kg methanol) and low toxicity than methanol, high hydrogen rich molecule and more interestingly it is easy to reproduce from waste materials with lower cost. Therefore, development of 3D-hybrid building block with help of carbon based materials with high catalytic activity is the pioneering technology for industrial interest.
In present proposal focus on economic value and maintaining biodiversity by converting an insidious Prosopisjulifloraas 3D carbon sources for development direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFT). Basically, low tortuosity, regular porous structures are benefited for the flow of ethanol and additionally deposition of metal nano-particles. To improve the electrical conductivity of 3D carbon we have emphasized of carbonaization and activation at low temperature. Then uniform deposition of metal nano-particles by electrochemical deposition methods. The synthesized martials will be fabricate in fuel cell.
Out comes from this projects:
It is noticeable that following benefits can be achieved from this project
Materials: For primary development:Sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, sodium potassium tartrate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, palladium chloride, tin chloride, chunk of wood.
Experimental Procedure: To get desire efficiency, at first we will removed lignin from cell wall of wood. Then carbonizations will be continue in presence of argon and hydrogen atmosphere at 1100⁰C for 4h. After then it will be activated in presence of sodium potassium tartrate and sodium hydrogen carbonate at 450⁰C for 4 h. These activated carbon will be store for binary metal particles by electrochemical deposition process. We will fabricate cell using Nafion membrane, whereas one side metal nano-particle decorated 3D-carbon and other side porous high conducting carbon.
Presented a paper in IEEE explore in ICISS 2020
Dr. K.R. Ramkumar
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