Ethanol Fuel Cell

Design and Development of High Energy Ethanol Fuel Cell from an Aggressive Invader Prosopis Juliflora to Mitigate the Challenges of Global Warming and Green House Gases

Introduction:The energy demand is exponentially increasing, and the fossil fuels are overconsumed which impact negatively on the bio-diversity. Moreover, the scarcity of the ground water is increasing day by day, because of abnormal growth of an invasive plant called prosopis juliflora.

There is a need of developing renewable green energy that can maintain the bio-diversity, reduce pollution and create a positive impact on environment. Ethanol based proton exchange energy storage device is known for its high specific energy density (8.0 kWh/kg for ethanol and 6.1 kWh/kg methanol) and low toxicity than methanol, and high hydrogen rich molecule. Interestingly, it is easy to reproduce from waste material with low cost of production.

We propose a novel method of converting an insidious Prosopis juliflora sources to develop a Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell (DEFT). Basically, low tortuosity, regular porous structures are the main benefits of the ethanol fuel cell. We have done carbonization and activation at low temperature to improve the electrical conductivity of 3D carbon. Then uniform deposition of metal nano-particles by electrochemical deposition methods will be done. The synthesized material will be used to fabricate fuel cell.

Main outcomes

  • Development of a renewable ethanol fuel cell to reduce of greenhouse gasses lesser than fossil fuel combustion engine.
  • Control and utilization of an invasive plant to save ground water and resurrect the eco-system of agriculture lands.
  • We can get some essential bi-products during the process of making ethanol fuel cell-
    • Extracted lignin from the wooden pieces of the Juliflora has a good potential to be used as bio-fuel.
    • The generated ethylene glycol has many industrial applications that can be generated from this species instead of using petroleum products.
    • The pods of Prosopis juliflora contains huge amount of sugar that will generate ethanol.
Experimental procedure

Material Required: For primary development: Sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, sodium potassium tartrate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, palladium chloride, tin chloride, chunk of wood.

Experimental Procedure:To get desired efficiency, the lignin is removed from the cell wall of wood. Then carbonization will be done in the presence of argon and hydrogen atmosphere at 1100⁰C for 4 hours. Further, it will be activated in presence of sodium potassium tartrate and sodium hydrogen carbonate at 450⁰C for 4 hours. This activated carbon will be stored for binary metal particles by electrochemical deposition process. We will fabricate cell using Nafion membrane, whereas one side metal nano-particle decorated 3D-carbon and other side porous high conducting carbon.

Achievements

Meet the Team

  • Ms Taniya

    Junior Research Fellow
    Chitkara University, Punjab
  • Ms.Vaishali Bhatia

    ME Scholar
    Chitkara University, Punjab
  • Ms.Shabnam Choudhary

    ME Scholar
    Chitkara University, Punjab
  • Dr. Partha Khanra

    Assistant Professor, CURIN
    Chitkara University, Punjab
  • Dr. Ramkumar K R

    Associate Professor , CURIN
    Chitkara University, Punjab

Gallery

Contact Information

Ms Taniya
Email – taniya@chitkara.edu.in
Mobile – 8054865123